Jester s- Not the Fools You May Think

A jester or fool was a type of entertainer and archetype in Medieval Europe, similar to a modern clown or comedian. With their colorful, eccentric outfits and repertoire of juggling, acrobatics and wit, jesters were a favorite of commoners and noblemen alike. Jesters were commonly travelling minstrels and acrobats, performing at village fairs and festivals. Those who were especially lucky or talented would be hired as court jesters, becoming a regular fixture of a noble or royal court. They would perform tricks, sing fables and satirize daily court life in front of the upper class.

Court jesters were granted special privileges, and were allowed to speak in a way that other commoners were forbidden to. With this license to offend, court jesters served as a “voice of the people” in a culture with rigid social barriers. A court jester could openly mock and satirize their social betters without consequence, and were often favored by their lords as trusted advisors who could always speak their minds. Queen Elizabeth I is recorded as having scolding her court jester for not being harsh enough on her.

A successful jester had to be skilled in both physical acts and possess a quick wit and knack for singing and storytelling. Jester performances were usually a mix of juggling, acrobatics and magic combined with fables, songs, jokes and political commentaries. There was no fixed costume for a jester, but costume usually involved loud, motley colours, bells and baubles and a hood with trihorns or donkey ears. Jesters are often portrayed as carrying a hobby horse or mock sceptre, as a parody of the knightly aristocracy.

While court jesters were generally beloved by nobles and commoners alike, their favored status and constant barrage of insults sometimes wore thin on some nobles. Many of the notable royal jesters ended their careers after developing massive egos and offending the wrong people. Archibald Armstrong, court jester to the Stuarts, was finally exiled from court after repeatedly mocking the Archbishop of Canterbury for being short. Sir Jeffery Hudson, a jester and dwarf who charmed his way into the English and French court, was exiled after killing a nobleman who refused to take Hudson’s military status seriously. Hudson challenged the nobleman to a duel over the perceived insult, and the nobleman, still refusing to take Hudson seriously, brought a water pistol to the duel. Hudson however, used a real pistol.

While fools and jesters were a real profession, their cultural status is generally attributed to their common appearance in the works of Shakespeare. Only some of them are court jesters, but Shakespearean fools appear in 25 of Shakespeare’s plays. They served as comic relief and a satirical voice that a common audience could relate to. As noted by critics and historians, the irony of the fool was that he was the most perceptive character. As Isaac Asimov said ‘That, of course, is the great secret of the successful fool – that he is no fool at all”. The legacy of fools and jesters can also be seen in playing cards; the Fool card in tarot decks and the Joker card in standard card decks.

Court jesters fell out of fashion with the decline of feudalism in Europe, although jesters remained popular in theatre and carnival culture. The modern successor of the jester is arguably the clown, colourful entertainers who perform similar feats of agility and silliness. While society has obviously changed since the days of knights and castles, the people’s love for ridiculous comedy theatre and performance.


With any beautiful design or structure, from architecture to painting, there lies beneath it a grid-based layout from which these creations were originally derived. It is, in essence, the unseen mathematical component of all design that, for many web designers, has become standard in the pursuit for the perfect web design.

To understand what a grid-based layout for web design is, we first need to understand why it is referred to as “grid-based.” A grid is a structure consisting of intersecting straight vertical and horizontal guidelines that are made up of margins, flow-lines, columns, rows, gutters, modules, and spatial zones. This potentially complex composition provides the perfect structural base that allows a web designer to create graphic elements from, or to organise content within. It is this reason that grid-based layout is used in web design.

By using grids in the website design a sense of uniformed structure is achieved for the overall website, this helps achieve better usability for website visitors as they are able to navigate and engage with the website much easily than if the content was simply thrown together without structure. Another reason grid-based layouts are used is efficiency. By designing to a grid, the actual design process is simplified because design guidelines are already in place, therefore making it easier to decide on design elements, such as width and height.

When using grid-based layouts in our web design, we can either create our own grid, or download a ready-made grid template. If we create our own grid, we will need to rely on what option works best for us and the web design project we are working on. It is therefore valuable to follow some simple guidelines when creating our own grids. These are:

• Use only enough columns as needed for the web design. In other words, if you are only going to use ten columns, then only create ten columns – and not twenty.
• Watch the spacing. As a general rule, columns should have the same number of pixels across as rows are high.
• Don’t box yourself in. If you need to move outside of the grid for specific graphic elements, then do so. A grid is only there for structural support, and is not the end product.

If creating your own grid-based layout isn’t appealing, or you simple do not have the time to invest in it, then downloading a pre-designed grid template is available. There are many online sources that provide such templates, and by downloading a grid template you can save on time and have, at your disposal, an effective grid template ready to use.

It is important to re-emphasise that grid-based layouts for web design should not be mistaken for a strict rule by which all graphic elements or content must adhere to. Naturally, when creating anything we can move beyond specific rules in order to achieve our creative goal, and grid-based layouts are no different. If we use grids as a structural guide in our web design, then we are better able to create amazing web designs that will not only appear organised on our web page, but will hopefully inspire and engage every website visitor. Article from, nets and webs web design brisbane




Gold Class Brisbane Airport Transfers

brisbane-airport-transfersGold Class Transfers is your go to resource when you need reliable and professional luxury chauffeured transport services. When you bring your business to us, you will find that we are more than just a ride from the airport to your designated location.

Our team members provide 24/7 door to door services for the Brisbane, Gold Coast, Toowoomba, Sunshine Coast, and Byron Bay areas. When customers do business with us, they find that their expectations are exceeded and our rates are lower than our competitors published prices.

Gold Class Transfers is known for providing unique experiences in the form of Brisbane airport transfers services from the Brisbane Airport and Gold Coast area. We even provide transfers for private purposes, weddings, sporting events, cruises, hotels, tours, and business transfers.

Our mission is to help customers experience the best quality economical transportation services from one point to another while providing the best customer service.


Why Choose Gold Class

  • 24/7 door to door service
  • We are never late
  • Affordable prices
  • Inclusive prices
  • Free Wi-Fi is available in all vehicles
  • Our drivers handle your luggage
  • We provide wakeup call services
  • Chilled water and reading materials are available
  • Baby seats are included in the fee
  • Trailers for excess luggage is included in the fee

Can I really save fuel with a Truck Wheel Alignment?

Most heavy vehicle owners in the transport industry are asking themselves – How can I save money on my running costs? How can I save on fuel consumption? Will a truck wheel alignment help?

Research & studies conducted around the world show that around 80 percent of medium to heavy vehicles are incorrectly aligned, or have a mis-alignment. If your truck, trailer or bus has incorrectly aligned wheels & axles, you have what we call increased rolling resistance when travelling on the road. This means the engine is working harder than required to push the truck along the road, and the end result is an increase in fuel consumption. Given that fuel can account for up to 50% of the operating costs of a truck or fleet, smart operators must explore all avenues to reduce fuel consumption.
Generally speaking, correcting even slight alignment issues have been shown to result in a saving of 3 – 10 percent on fuel.

3% doesn’t sound too significant does it? Lets take a closer look – One truck runs Brisbane to Sydney (return) 3 times a week (6,000 kms). That’s 312,000 kms a year. Fuel consumption average is 1.85 litres/km. That’s 577,200 litres, current local prices are around $1.49 per litre. Fuel cost for the year – $860,028.00. If you reduced fuel consumption by 3%, you would save $25,800.84!!
Your scenario may be different, but you can see that small changes can make a big difference to the bottom line of your business. There are other areas where you can save on running costs, which will be covered in another article.

If you own one truck or one hundred, and you are not having a regular truck wheel alignment performed as part of your maintenance schedule, you really need to contact your local truck wheel alignment specialist for a chat.

Truckologist is a mobile truck wheel alignment business based in Brisbane, Australia.

Yotta Bookkeeping Brisbane Profile

New trends in the business world have changed the way people do business nowadays. Technology has brought businesses closer to people who can assist with the day to day business operations. These changes and trends have also enabled businesses to run smoother and efficiently as well as turn more profit. One of the key business operations that has really benefited from the latest trends and technological advancements is bookkeeping. Bookkeeping is an important aspect for every business because it helps businesses keep records of all financial transactions.

Bookkeeping is much like visiting a doctor- nobody wants to take time to see a doctor but neglecting an illness can lead to serious consequences. The benefits of using Yotta Bookkeeping Brisbane outweigh the financial consequences and disadvantages of an in-house or individual bookkeeping system. As a business owner, you have two options when it comes to bookkeeping services. You can either hire an in-house staff to do the work or hire another firm to perform the work for you. Outsourced bookkeepers are beneficial, that is why it’s an attractive option to many business owners.

Owners of small and medium sized businesses exhaust their time and energy while trying to be all things to all people. Therefore, they spend less time and energy on growing their businesses. By hiring Yotta Bookkeeping Brisbane, you save money, time and work with a team of professionals with advanced accounting skills. You also access top tools, reduce stress levels and focus more on things that are important to you. More and more businesses are outsourcing bookkeeping services instead of maintaining an in-house bookkeeping staff.

There are several benefits of hiring Yotta Bookkeeping Brisbane. Some of the business and lifestyle advantages of using bookkeeping services include:

More time

When you outsource your bookkeeping operations, you save valuable time that can be used to grow the business. Back-end office operations can cause distractions in your day-to-day running of your business, and maintaining an in-house bookkeeping team can cause a conflict of interest. These heavy distractions and time-wasters need to go because they slow the growth of your business. With outsourced bookkeeping services, you will not need to hire and handle bookkeeping staff.

Bookkeeping consultants work with business owners to create bookkeeping schedules that don’t interfere with the operations of your business. This frees up time for a business owner to run the business. Also, you will have time to relax because you will not need to do your accounts on weekends, evenings or late into the night.

Saving Money

Standard employees cost your business more than outsourced consultants. Regular bookkeeping employees can cost you approximately one and a half times more than outsourced contractors. By outsourcing Yotta bookkeeping, your business will save money on full-time salaries, employee benefits and part-time wages. Also, you will save on productivity costs that arise from hiring employees onto the payroll. Outsourced bookkeeping allows your business to only pay for what it needs. Yotta Bookkeeping Brisbane will also act like your financial watchdog- it will always be on the lookout for financial trends or cost-cutting opportunities that can help you grow your business.

Expertise for your Business

By outsourcing bookkeepers, your business will benefit from the expertise and experience of the contractors. Outsourced bookkeepers have advanced accounting skills and they are likely to perform their work diligently since they know there is a lot of competition in the outsourcing sector and they don’t want to lose any contract they obtain. Additionally, you can easily find a bookkeeping contractor who is an expert and has experience in your specific industry. Yotta Bookkeeping makes your work efficient and a lot easier because they know the best bookkeeping practices and understand how to properly assign their staff to tasks that match their expertise.

Reduced Paperwork and Stress Levels

Paperwork is a major cause of high stress levels in businesses. When you outsource bookkeeping services, the contractor will perform all tasks electronically and deliver the accounting paperwork and reports electronically hence reduce paper usage in your business. Even though you may have to print reports, you can easily access, edit and review them electronically without printing hard copies. This reduces paperwork, workload and stress levels in your business.

Yotta Bookkeeping Brisbane also reduces stress levels by allowing you to contact them anytime for assistance and advice. The customer experience is also excellent to ensure maximum support to clients.

More Focus on What is Important

By using a bookkeeping service, you can focus on more important things, both outside and within your business. A bookkeeping service eliminates the distractions in your business and enables you to concentrate on a business goal such as increasing sales or expanding into new markets. Maybe the bookkeeping operations in your business have prevented you from focusing on things outside your business, such as friends, family or games. A bookkeeping service alleviates all your concerns so that you can concentrate on what is important to you.

Bookkeeping services also eliminate the bustle and hustle in your business thus allowing your employees to focus more on their tasks. This improves employee productivity.

Access to Latest and Top Systems

Outsourcing the bookkeeping functions of your business allows you to access the latest and top bookkeeping tools and systems in the industry. Most businesses cannot manage to pay for the expensive bookkeeping systems and programs. Also, they cannot manage to keep up with the ever-changing laws and regulations. By hiring bookkeeping services, you are essentially buying and using those tools by proxy. These tools maintain organized books/records and create backups to ensure you are prepared for any event, such an audit by the tax authorities.

Yotta Bookkeeping Brisbane has the latest and top online cloud solutions such as MYOB, Xero and QuickBooks to ensure your financial records are readily available.

Low Staff Turnover

An internal bookkeeper can leave your business at anytime when they feel unappreciated, bored or when they get a better opportunity somewhere. The absence of a bookkeeper in your business can lead to financial chaos such as late salaries, taxes and poor cash flow. With a bookkeeping service, you may never need to hire again. All bookkeeping services work towards long-term business relationships thus they will rarely drop customers.

The business and lifestyle advantages of using a bookkeeping service are enormous. It doesn’t matter whether you a hairdresser, landscaper or shopkeeper. With the latest accounting tools and a team of highly skilled professionals, Yotta Bookkeeping Brisbane is able to offer quality and affordable bookkeeping services that are tailored to meet the current and future needs of your business. Yotta Bookkeeping offers Catch Up Bookkeeping, A/R and A/P Management, BAS Lodgement, Payroll, Bank BOOKKEEPING-BRISBANE-CALL-TODAY-e1426307086357Reconciliations and Financial Reporting services.

Styrofoam: History, Properties and Building Applications

Styrofoam is a brand name for Polystyrene Thermal Insulation material (sometimes referred to as “extruded polystyrene foam”). It is a trademark of Dow Chemical and among the most popular plastics in use today. Styrofoam is manufactured in blue sheet foam. It is mostly used in building materials and pipe insulation. It was invented in during World War II by Ray McIntire as he sought to create a flexible electrical insulator. It is usually supplied to manufacturers in form of small foam beads. It can be molded and processed to fit different purposes. The word Styrofoam is inappropriately used in Canada and the United States to refer to expanded polystyrene foam such as cushioning material in packaging, coolers, and disposable coffee cups. These are made of expanded polystyrene beads, and not from the extruded polystyrene normally used in Styrofoam insulation. There is also a different form of Styrofoam used in craft applications which is green and white in color.

The Properties of Styrofoam

Chemical Representation
Styrofoam’s chemical representation comprises of a hydrocarbon chain linked with a phenol group to every single carbon group. Styrofoam’s chemical equation has a (Ph) with a C6H5 ring.

Polystyrene’s density is 1050kg/m3 as compared to water which has a density of 1000kg/m3. Although it is denser than water, polystyrene floats and doesn’t sink. It can break down when combined with a strong acid.

Polymer and Thermoplastic
A polymer is a Styrofoam molecule. It is an extensive chain of recurring atoms through the connection of many molecules (monomers) derived from petroleum. Styrofoam is also a thermoplastic as it hardens when cooled and softens when heated. As a liquid, it can be easily molded which makes it suitable for various applications in different industries.

Shock Absorber and Lightweight
Styrofoam is an excellent shock absorber and extremely lightweight. It is composed of approximately 90 percent air. This is why expanded polystyrene is very popular as a cushioning material. Styrofoam is easy to transport as its shock-absorbing features keep it well protected from harm.

It is a superb insulator that limits thermal transfer. This major aspect makes it a top insulating material as it effectively maintains a comfortable temperature indoors, regardless of the weather conditions outdoors.

The Uses of Styrofoam in Buildings

Styrofoam is used by many builders as an insulating material. It has a closed cell structure which ensures its insulation has a high R-value (a material’s ability to conduct heat). The more value a material has, the more resistance it has to conducting heat. When a building is properly insulated, heat is not transferred out of a building or into it which reduces drafts and decreases cooling and heating costs. Styrofoam is used to insulate basement walls, underground walls, and above ground walls as it significantly reduces energy loss. It is cut into sheets that are attached to a building’s frame or installed in its outer foundation walls. The foam is afterwards covered with certain material to create a specific look, such as marble, stone, or stucco. Styrofoam is also used in insulating floors and roofs. On roofs, it is cut and positioned to provide the proper drainage. Plywood or other materials are placed over Styrofoam after it has been laid on ceiling material. Afterwards, shingles can be installed on top. Styrofoam is used on floors as it is an excellent load-bearing material for different types of floors. Its closed cell structure makes it very rigid and highly resistant to compression in load-bearing applications. Styrofoam is also used in commercial and industrial piping applications. It is used in low-temperature systems to prevent surface condensation and to minimize heat gain. It retains its main insulating properties in environments with high-moisture conditions, high humidity and in low-temperature applications.

Styrofoam’s insulation structure leaves virtually no vacant space between the cells which makes it waterproof and strong. It has a natural resistance to water vapor, snow, and rain and retains its primary physical integrity and insulation performance in exposed conditions for a long time. Since the material is resistant to water, mold and mildew cannot grow on its surface.

Styrofoam has a low susceptibility to rot hence fungal and mold growth and reduced. The boards are odorless, clean and unaffected by dust. This ensures that a structure’s integrity is maintained and the occupants stay in a hygienic environment.